Typhoid fever is a highly contagious bacterial infection that can spread throughout the body, affecting many organs. It can cause serious complications which without quick treatment can be fatal. Typhoid fever is caused by the bacterium, Salmonella typhi, which is related to the bacteria that cause salmonella food poisoning.
Typhoid fever is most common in parts of the world with poor sanitation and limited access to clean water. It can be contracted through eating food or drink that has been contaminated with a small amount of the infected faeces or urine.
Most cases of typhoid fever are from an infection being picked up whilst visiting countries such as Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. You can also be at risk of developing the infection if you visit Asia, Africa or South America. Typhoid fever is uncommon in the UK. Children are at the most risk due to an underdeveloped immune system. However, their symptoms are usually milder than in adults.
The main symptoms of typhoid fever are:
- High temperature that can reach 39-40C
- General aches and pains
It is important to treat typhoid fever quickly as symptoms will continue to worsen, could cause complications and increase the risk of developing potentially fatal complications.
Vaccination is recommended if you are planning to travel to parts of the world where typhoid fever is widespread. The vaccination does not provide 100% protection so it is important to take precautions when travelling:-
- Only drink sealed bottled water or boiled water
- Avoid foods that could be contaminated
Typhoid fever should be treated promptly with antibiotics. With prompt antibiotic treatment, most people will start to feel better within a few days and serious complications are very rare. More serious cases of typhoid fever usually require hospital admission so antibiotic injections can be given.
When you are travelling to countries in Africa, Asia, South America and/or to Bangladesh, India or Pakistan it is important to have a Typhoid vaccination so you do not contract Typhoid, particularly if you are travelling with children as they are also at risk.
In some cases contracting Typhoid results in serious health implications for adults and in some cases it is a fatal infection.
It is common for children to pick up Typhoid Fever, however, it is less serious. There are Typhoid cases in the UK where travellers have picked up the infection.
Typhoid is a bacterial infection which, when contracted, results in a serious infection in the body. Typhoid can get into your body by way of contaminated water and foods and become Typhoid Fever. This is often due to low sanitation in certain countries around the world.
Typhoid – 1 dose